The naturalist traveler will find great satisfaction admiring the vegetation and the fauna of the urban park ‘Panorami di Frigento‘ (Frigento Landscapes).
The vegetation is part of the phytoclimatic area of the chestnut tree.
We can find the chestnut tree on the sides of the mountain where the substratum is copious and soft and with oaks that, instead, grow more or less everywhere, even on the slopes of the deep inlets.
The undergrowth is rich in shrubs; they stand out blackberry bushes, strawberries, European spindles, roses, black elders, hawthorns. Here, it is possible to glimpse in the grass various types of oat grasses, buttercups, flowers present in our zones that bloom in late winter or at the beginning of the spring, and orchids.
You can observe the nettles, daneworts and scotch brooms. The latter bloom in May-June, with big yellow flowers put at the base of the leaves, single or in couples. It is a colonizer species of wooded clearings; often it is associated to the chestnut tree, having the same necessities of land and weather. Then, we find the hazel from the Greek ‘koris’, helmet, for the shape of the membranous shell that recovers the fruit, it is considered an ‘avellana’ species for its diffusion since far past, in the zone of Avellino. The fruits (hazelnuts) have edible seed, rich in oil, used in nutrition and perfumery; moreover, also the wood of this plant is strong and elastic.
The fauna present in the park is various.
Along the streets of Frigento, the itinerary is pleasant and inviting and you can have pleasant meetings. Entering the woods, it is possible to admire hoopoes, tits, blue tits, wood nuthatches, which tirelessly inspect the branches of the trees looking for insects.
On the fronds of the trees, instead, goldfinches, European serins, greenfinches, common linnets and chaffinches cheer up the air with their joyful trills: the calls, the territorial sings resound everywhere. European green toads and common toads hang around in the street, after the rain, looking for keel back slugs; tree frogs and yellow-bellied toads appear only during the movements looking for new places of reproduction. Predators like the marten, the fox, and the weasel examine furtively their hunting territory and only rarely make them see. Instead, the hedgehog lingers gladly looking for insects and earthworms. The cadenced and rhythmical call of the barn owl, the long-eared owl, the little owl and the horned owl make hear themselves all around.
During the long walks in the woods of Frigento, in addition to the variety of flora and fauna until now described, it is even possible to meet on the barks of the trees numerous types of lichens that flourish in thousand colors, testifying a very pure air. The lichens can be used as bioindicators of the quality of the air.